The Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb, was established to promote the practice and training of Tibb in South Africa. Tibb also known as Unani-Tibb is a system of medicine that recognizes the right for everyone to be healthy. Having journeyed through a rich history, Tibb enjoys all the benefits of being tested through the ages. It is a comprehensive healing system based on scientific data that takes every aspect of the individual into account. Its philosophy is an assimilation of the thoughts of Hippocrates the 'father' of western medicine, Galen, and Ibn Sina.
Tibb recognizes more than the symptoms of illness conditions, it addresses their underlying causes, taking into account physical, mental, emotional and spiritual aspects. Tibb takes into consideration every factor affecting a person, encouraging self-empowerment whilst providing an individualized approach to healthcare. It is perfectly placed for providing health solutions to South Africans because it shares common ground with both conventional medicine and African traditional medicine. Tibb is not merely a medical system, it is a lifestyle - a lifestyle that combines "a Science of Medicine with the Art of Care".
Continuing Professional Development (CPD)The Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb has taken the initiative to put together a set of multiple choice questions, approved by the AHPCSA, which have been allocated 3 CEU's per online activity. The cost is a mere R150 per activity and all AHPCSA registered professionals are eligible to participate…READ MORE
20 October 2016
Evaluating the impact of eliminating humoral imbalances with herbal infusions - interim report three (3)
The Tibb Institute has recently concluded a third interim report on the above research that is being conducted in its clinics in Cape Town. Patients with various conditions were treated with herbal infusions, as a standalone therapy, and where necessary together with medication, massage and cupping. After the second interim report of 60 patients was concluded in May 2016, the impact of the herbal infusions on various illness conditions, including hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes as well as additional markers are included in this interim report consisting of 100 patients.READ MORE
12 October 2016
Tibb, a natural companion for ageing
Tibb says that there is much more to dealing with the ageing process besides looking after the face and skin. What about the really vital organs and body activities? Tibb offers a balanced approach to supporting key activities like the heart, brain, liver and immune system.READ MORE
28 Sept 2016
Grade 10 Learners
Two Grade 10 Learners from Settlers High School visited the Tibb Treatment Centres in Cape Town for two days on 19-20 September 2016 to job shadow. They were Dillon Hudsonberg and Aglaak Sanglay. The Tibb Treatment Centre is always willing to accommodate interested learners and students to spend some time in the facilities to make the public aware of what Tibb is all about and hopefully create an interest in the profession. The learners found the time rewarding and provided some feedback on their experience within the centres.READ MORE
22 Sept 2016
The structure and function of the cardiorespiratory apparatus. An analysis of historical vignettes by Avicenna (980-1037 AD)
The third in the series of research articles that critically reviews Ibn Sina's (Avicenna's) description of human anatomy, in relation to the current understanding of anatomical structures of the human body.READ MORE
20 Sept 2016
Tibb Position Statement: Hypertension and Tibb
Hypertension is a common chronic disorder of lifestyle where our blood pressure is permanently higher than normal. Although there are usually no symptoms, it does cause insidious damage to our organs like the heart, brain and kidneys. Tibb is well placed to deal with this important, long-term disorder, providing practical lifestyle advice and a number of treatment options.READ MORE
15 Sept 2016
ATM Week with the Gauteng Department of Health
The Institute of Tibb was invited to celebrate African Traditional Medicine (ATM) Week with the Gauteng department of Health and various ATM associations on the 31st of August 2016. The week, which starts on Monday the 22nd to Wednesday 31st of August, included many activities comprising of exhibitions, panel discussions and cultural shows which aims to raise awareness on African Traditional Medicine.READ MORE
13 Sept 2016
African Traditional Medicine Week
The Institute of Tibb was invited to celebrate African Traditional Medicine (ATM) Week with the Gauteng Traditional Faith and Medical Practitioners on the 25th of August 2016.READ MORE
05 Sept 2016
Tibb and Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is turning into a major health concern. More and more people are developing this morale and energy sapping disorder of lifestyle. And sufferers are becoming younger and younger, as inadequate diet, a sedentary lifestyle and more intense sporting activities take their toll on long-suffering knees, hips and other body joints. Read about Tibb's approach to this emerging threat ...READ MORE
02 Sept 2016
Benefits of amaranth plant
Amaranth leaves and seeds have powerful medicinal properties that demonstrate the great extent to which diet influences human health. With outstanding benefits such as boosting fertility and preventing birth defects, it is clear that the amaranth plant has a lot more to offer than we realize.READ MORE
30 Aug 2016
Why okra is good for you
Okra is a highly nutritious vegetable and its immense benefits serve as a firm reminder that vegetables are an indispensable part of a healthy diet. Studies continue to link diets rich in multiple vegetables to a dramatically reduced likelihood of obesity and chronic illnesses.READ MORE
25 Aug 2016
An understanding of the structure and function of the central nervous system and sense organs by Avicenna (980-1037 AD)
The second in the series of research articles that critically reviews Ibn Sina's (Avicenna's) description of human anatomy, in relation to the current understanding of anatomical structures of the human body.READ MORE
16 Aug 2016
CPUT Women's Day Event
Tibb participated in the Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT) Women's Day event held on 12 August 2016 at their Cape Town Campus. The event was arranged by the Student Counselling Department and while Dr Rusqua Salasa and Christo Scheepers represented Tibb. Gift bags were sponsored by the Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb and Dr Rusqua Salasa presented to the attending students about Healthy Living from a Tibb perspective.READ MORE
04 Aug 2016
Three 5th year medical students from Stellenbosch University complete an elective at Tibb Treatment Centres.
The Tibb Treatment Centres in Cape Town provided an opportunity for three 5th year medical students in completing their elective in Complementary and Alternate medicine. The students had first-hand experience of the Tibb approach in the treatment of both acute and chronic illness conditions. On completion they shared their view of Tibb.READ MORE
01 Aug 2016
Tibb position statement – Infection, healing and Tibb
Alarm bells are ringing. Many pathogenic microbes are becoming increasingly resistant to many antibiotics used to treat pneumonia, cystitis, food poisoning and other serious bacterial infections, not only in South Africa, but globally. Tibb has a different take on infection. It adopts a three-pronged approach – strengthening Physis' natural defenses, building up resistance, and supporting therapy with herbal and other measures. A new Tibb Position Statement expands on the nature of infection, and outlines the measures we can adopt to both prevent and treat it.READ MORE
27 July 2016
Reducing stress naturally
Stress is something people have to deal with as part of life. While it is not realistic to expect a stress-free life, lifestyle interventions can help keep stress under control. Failing to manage stress may interfere with someone's ability to handle daily tasks and also result in serious health problems.READ MORE
25 July 2016
Beets health benefits
Beets have a multitude of health benefits that counter different chronic conditions that have become commonplace. The immense disease fighting properties of beets also attest to the fundamental influence of diet on people's health and the massive contribution healthy eating habits make towards preventing premature death.READ MORE
22 July 2016
The Tibb Treatment Centre (Saartjie Baartman Centre) hosted a grade 8 volunteer in order for him to do his Life Orientation community services. It is always a privilege hosting a learner from one of the nearby schools and to be part of his/her development. This is one way of assisting the community in an area other than complementary healthcare consultations for which the Tibb Treatment Centres are known in Cape Town.READ MORE
20 July 2016
Lifestyle Advisors Training for Khuya Health
The Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb hosted front shop assistants from Khuya Health in Tembisa.READ MORE
18 July 2016
Part 1: An analysis of the structural and functional anatomy of the spine as viewed by Avicenna (980-1037 AD)
The first in the series of research articles that critically reviews Ibn Sina's (Avicenna's) description of human anatomy, in relation to the current understanding of anatomical structures of the human body.READ MORE
08 July 2016
Critical review of Ibn Sina's anatomy from the Canon of Medicine
The Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb, has concluded an agreement with Dr Pedzisai Mazengenya a senior lecturer at the School of Anatomical Sciences at the University of the Witwatersrand to review Ibn Sina's (Avicenna's) description of human anatomy, in relation to the current understanding of anatomical structures of the human body.READ MORE
07 July 2016
Health benefits of black jack
Black jack, known locally as muxiji or gewone knapseherel and scientifically referred to as bidens plosa, has myriad health attributes. Like other fruits and vegetables found in indigenous African diets, black jack is associated with blood sugar control, reduced cancer risk, improved cardiovascular fitness, and so many more benefits.READ MORE
01 July 2016
Yoga and pilates: analyzing the rewards
Yoga and pilates are two exercises gaining popularity due to their immense health benefits especially relating to mental well-being. Other healthy advantages of practicing yoga and pilates include optimum cardiovascular health, blood sugar control, and improved sleep. Furthermore, research continues to uncover numerous ways yoga and pilates are beneficial to health.READ MORE
29 June 2016
Tibb and the Breath of Life
Breathing properly is a very important part of a healthy way of life. This was stressed by early Tibb pioneers like Hippocrates, who put it number one in the Lifestyle Factors. It applies even more so these days, where our air quality often leaves a lot to be desired. It is now, belatedly, recognised as a key wellness activity.READ MORE
09 June 2016
Evaluating the impact of eliminating humoral imabalances with herbal infusions – interim report 2
The Tibb Institute has recently concluded a second interim report on the above research that is being conducted in its clinics in Cape Town. Patients with various conditions were treated with herbal infusions, as a standalone therapy, and where necessary together with medication and cupping. After the first interim report of 28 patients was concluded in November 2015, the impact of the herbal infusions on hypertension, hypercholesterolemia as well as diabetes was included in the interim report consisting of 60 patients.READ MORE
02 June 2016
Four foods that fight cancer
The extremely low incidence of cancer, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and other chronic illnesses in rural Africa attests to the immensely powerful medicinal properties of the traditional African diet. TIBB provides valuable insight into remarkable cancer fighting attributes of four traditional African foods.READ MORE
30 May 2016
Indigenous foods that control hypertension
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a key health issue in South Africa. Many people are now aware that diet plays a role but few realize the vast capability of the traditional African diet to curb hypertension. TIBB profiles some of the indigenous African foods that possess powerful anti-hypertensive propertiesREAD MORE
26 May 2016
Tibb Position Statement: DIABETES
Diabetes was a relatively rare disease not long ago, but now affects more than two million South African adults. As it is mainly a disorder of lifestyle, Tibb is well placed to help out in the prevention and treatment of this serious disorder and its consequences.READ MORE
18 May 2016
Lifestyle Health Promoters - City of Johannesburg Region E training
On the 5th of May 2016, Dr Joy Saville facilitated the Lifestyle Advisors training workshop to health promoters of Region E, at the City of Johannesburg quarters in Sandton.READ MORE
5 May 2016
Lifestyle Health Promoters - City of Johannesburg Region G training
On the 28th of April 2016, Dr Joy Saville facilitated the Lifestyle Advisors training workshop to health promoters of Region G, at the Ennerdale Civic Centre.READ MORE
4 May 2016
Lifestyle Health Promoters - City of Johannesburg Region B & C training
On the 21st of April 2016, Dr Joy Saville facilitated the Lifestyle Advisors training workshop to health promoters, staff nurses and enrolled nurses of Regions B and C, at the very grand Phelindaba Chambers at the Florida Civic Centre.READ MORE
21 April 2016
Tibb Position Statement: Autoimmune disease
More and more chronic disorders are being classified as autoimmune disorders, where the person's immune system for some reason, begins to attack the body's own tissues and organs. Tibb has a number of reservations about this conventional explanation, and offers alternative reasons.READ MORE
13 April 2016
Lifestyle Health Promoters - City of Johannesburg Region F training
On the 6th of April 2016, Dr Joy Saville facilitated the Lifestyle Advisors Workshop for health promoters of the City of Johannesburg region FREAD MORE
12 April 2016
Lifestyle Advisors Workshop
On the 17th of March 2016, Dr Joy Saville and Ruvey Roets, visited IMA Durban where they facilitated the Lifestyle Advisors Workshop.READ MORE
04 April 2016
Resting helps in Sickness and in health
Are you getting enough rest? Resting is one of Tibb's Lifestyle Factors. When combined with meditation it not only relieves stress and anxiety, but also improves mood. There are other benefits as well: it can lower blood pressure, relieve pain, and improve our immune and cardiovascular systems.READ MORE
17 March 2016
Tibb & Allied Lifestyle Advisor Programme enters another phase
One more year of commitment to improving Community Health
After the successful approval by the City of Johannesburg Health Promotion Manager of the role of Tibb Lifestyle factors in health promotion and in strengthening Community Oriented Primary Care, the Tibb Institute resolved to invest another year in taking Tibb to the City's primary health care sector in the city's regions.
Last year the Allied-Tibb partnership which was in its first year of inception successfully trained as Tibb Lifestyle Advisors over 287 Community Health workers serving in civil society communities as well as in the Department of Health's Ward Based Outreach Teams.READ MORE
16 March 2016
Tibb continues collaboration with IMA KZN
On the 2nd March 2016 Prof Rashid Bhikha, and Ms Sabera Asmal, Chairperson of the Islamic Medical Association KZN Branch officially signed an extension of their collaboration, in support of lifestyle advisory to the community for 2016. The Institute has a long standing relationship of around six years offering support to the IMA Clinics in KZN, including educational materials, equipment, information, uniforms and salaries.READ MORE
14 March 2016
Tibb Institute partners Crescent of Hope to combat addiction
The Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb conducted a half day workshop on the 9th of March 2016, facilitated by Prof Rashid Bhikha and Dr Joy Saville, on the individual approach to healthy living for social workers and counselors based at the Magaliesburg Rehabilitation Centre caring for patients suffering from substance abuse. This workshop provides an introduction to the main concepts of Tibb.READ MORE
08 March 2016
Visiting Swedish Students
Dr Yumna Mayet, qualified Tibb Practitioner, of the College of Cape Town, brought a group of 18 nursing students from Carlsund College in Motala, Sweden, to visit the Tibb Treatment Centre to have a look at how complementary practitioners operate in South Africa. They received an introduction to Tibb and the Tibb Treatment Centres by Christo Scheepers, the clinic administrator. Dr Yumna Abrahams gave them more in-depth information about the concepts and philosophy of Tibb while Dr Ayesha Fakir performed some practical cupping demonstrations.READ MORE
23 February 2016
Lifestyle Advisors training to clinic health promoters
The Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb in association with Allied Health Communities Network, hosted a third Lifestyle Advisors training for the City of Johannesburg's health promoters that are stationed in the various clinics in region D (Soweto)on the 15th and 16th of February 2016. The training to the Clinic Health Promoters provided them with insights into the Tibb approach of lifestyle in health promotion and in the management of both acute and chronic illness conditions. This training was subsequent to the second training of the Lifestyle Advisors programme during October/November 2015 during which 137 Ward Based Community Healthcare Workers were trained. These Ward Based Community Healthcare Workers are affiliated to the different clinics.READ MORE
02 February 2016
Handling Stress the Tibb Way
Stress is a disagreeable experience we all share at some time or other. It's part of our everyday life in South Africa. Chronic unrelenting stress, however, can have a detrimental effect on our health. For example it reduces our ability to ward off infections, and can lead to body weight gain. It can also aggravate existing ailments like sleeping difficulties, heart disorders, high blood pressure, and even certain nervous maladies. Tibb explains what stress is, and offers practical advice on how to deal with it.READ MORE
28 January 2016
The relationship between Tissues of the Body with Tibb
Describes the four main tissues of the body, namely, epithelial, muscular, connective and nervous tissues. The structure and functioning of the tissues work harmoniously with the organs when the ideal qualitative state is in sync with the temperament of the individual.READ MORE
22 January 2016
Tibb Position Statement: Cancer
Cancer is one of the prime causes of poor health and premature death in South Africa. The conventional routes to eradicating the cancer, whether by chemotherapy, radiation or surgery are, alas, highly prone to severe side effects which often have a devastating impact on the victim's quality of life. Unfortunately little importance is attached to natural ways of avoiding and treating cancer. Learn about Tibb's take on this highly important healthcare issue.READ MORE
08 December 2015
4th year MBchB student spends at Tibb
As part of the MBchB curriculum at the University of Stellenbosch medical students are required to embark on a four week elective in a career path related to medicine. Medical student, Haaniem Keraan applied to the Tibb Treatment Centre to broaden her perspective on alternative healthcare and understanding healthcare from a Tibb perspective and shares her view on Tibb.READ MORE
02 December 2015
2015 Year-End Function
The Tibb Treatment Centres in Cape Town had the annual year-end function on 27 November 2015. Every year the staff members go somewhere to eat out, but this year a different approach was followed and a spitbraai was held at the premises of the Tibb Treatment Centre (Saartjie Baartman Centre) in Surrey Estate. The spice up the event, it was a requirement to wear a fancy hat or wig, making it a really fun-filled day with excellent food.READ MORE
01 December 2015
Women Empowerment Event
The Tibb Treatment Centres were represented at the women empowerment event of the Department of Social Development on 24 November 2015 at the Lentegeur Civic Centre in Mitchells Plain. The theme of the day was Dignity in mental and physical health and since Tibb is a holistic approach to natural healthcare, it was represented at the function. Christo A. Scheepers (clinic administrator) and Dr Raeesah Hassan (Tibb practitioner) presented on The Tibb approach to holistic health.READ MORE
25 November 2015
Another cohort OF 137 Community Healthcare Workers and Traditional Health Care Practioners graduate as Tibb Lifestyle Advisors.
SOWETO-Chiawelo, 20 November 2015 – 137 Ward Based Outreach Teams (WBOT), Community Health Workers (CHW) and Traditional Health Practitioners graduate as Tibb Lifestyle Advisors at Chiawelo Community Centre.
The graduation ceremony was attended by Councilors from the different Wards in Region D (Soweto), representatives from the Chiawelo Community Health Center, Allied Communities Network, Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb, Soweto TV and other media.
Having successfully trained over 152 NGO based Community Health Workers from 75 organisations and implemented 75 Community Wellness Centres in Soweto, the Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb and Allied Communities Network partnership intervention has received recognition from stakeholders in the health sector.READ MORE
24 November 2015
Evaluating the impact of eliminating humoral imbalances with herbal infusions – interim report
The Tibb Institute is currently conducting a pilot study in its clinics in patients with various chronic disorders who received individual herbal infusion treatment. Each herbal infusion was specially formulated to address a specific humoral imbalance. The benefits of treatment, and how they related to the patients' temperament and humoral/quantitative imbalance, were assessed. Certain biometric markers, such as blood pressure and cholesterol levels, were also determined in a few patients. The positive results obtained have encouraged a more extensive and rigorous study.
19 November 2015
Tibb Treatment Centres raises awareness of the Importance of Lifestyle Management for Diabetes to celebrate World Diabetes Day.
Tibb Treatment Centres situated in Surrey Estate and Langa dedicated time to emphasize the importance of using lifestyle to manage and prevent Diabetes. Health days such as World Diabetes day provides the perfect opportunity to educate patients on the importance of maintaining and managing a healthy lifestyle.
17 November 2015
The Theory of Humours revisited
The theory of humours served the healing professions well for several centuries before the arrival of the germ theory of disease. It and its numerous variants is a fundamental part of the theory and practice of clinical practice in Tibb, Indian and Chinese medicine. Today, the humoral theory, together with the power of inner healing and the uniqueness of the patient, is being re-examined in the light of more recent medical discoveries.
10 November 2015
Dr Ayesha Fakir returned to the Tibb Treatment Centres in October 2015 to pursue her passion of being a Tibb practitioner. She is proud to be one of the first Tibb graduates in 2007 from the University of the Western Cape and entered the junior doctor programme in 2008, offered at the Tibb Centres for graduating Tibb practitioners. Dr Ayesha Fakir continued to work at the Tibb Treatment Centre until 2009 and then joined the academic world by becoming a Tibb lecturer at the University of the Western Cape. She is very passionate about creating awareness about alternative medicine in South Africa as a Tibb practitioner.
03 November 2015
Tibb and body weight – different options
Losing excess kilos is not a matter of calories, or carbohydrates, or magic potions. It's about lifestyle and habit, says Tibb. There is no quick fix to shed excess body mass. No exotic diets, herbal concoctions or metabolic boosters. It's about restoring a balanced lifestyle, supported by sensible habits, and reinforced by unshaking commitment to a better, healthier quality of life.
27 October 2015
Tibb and conventional medicine - how do they differ?
Both Tibb and conventional (or modern, allopathic) medicine trace their origins back to Hippocrates, the 'Father of Medicine'. This medical philosopher/pioneer made the break from the magical and superstitious attitude to disease to a theory and practice of medicine based on scientific principles. To this day, the Hippocratic Oath is the cornerstone of medical ethics in conventional medicine. Other pioneers such as the Greek doctor Galen, the Arabic polymath Ibn Sina, the medieval herbalist Culpeper, and the 18th century physician Claude Bernard also contributed.
23 October 2015
Structural Organisation of the Body
Structural Organisation of the Body has been created by nature in such a way that specific cells are formed for specific organs and tissues of the body, in order to perform specific functions. The same type of cells with the same qualitative state, structure and function combine to form tissues, the combination of which forms organs. Ultimately from the cells, tissues and organs, the overall shape of the body is obtained.
15 October 2015
TIBB & ALLIED LIFESTYLE ADVISOR PROGRAMME GETS A NOD FROM GOVERNMENT QUARTERS
After the successful training of over 152 Community Health Workers and implementation of the community Lifestyle mentor programme that has resulted in the creation of 75 wellness centres in Soweto's selected NGOs, the Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb and Allied Communities Network partnership has received recognition from stakeholders in the health sector.
13 October 2015
The Tibb Treatment Centres in Cape Town had a teambuilding event on Friday, 9 October 2015, at their Saartjie Baartman Centre branch in Athlone. Tibb Philosophy is all about healthy living and encouraging wellness in individuals. In the light thereof a teambuilding event was organised in order to encourage staff wellness and motivation. All staff assisted in making it a success, showing organisations that the best teambuilding events are sometimes simply planned and not necessarily the most expensive ones.
09 October 2015
Tibb and body weight – supply and demand
Do you want to lose a few kilos? If so, there are a bewildering number of eating plans, diets, exercises, supplements, herbal concoctions, and even surgical procedures to choose from. Some work better than others, although long term success remains an elusive goal. Why? Because weight loss needs an holistic approach, not a 'quick fix'… See what's available, and how Tibb regards the different options.
01 October 2015
Two day congress: "Managing pathological processes associated with humoral imbalances"
The Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb hosted a two day congress at the Capetonian hotel titled "Managing pathological processes associated with humoral imbalances." This congress revisited and expanded upon the humoral theory in relation to pathological processes. Research conducted at the Tibb Treatment Centre on evaluating the impact of eliminating humoral imbalances with herbal treatment was also presented. This targeted approach to treatment aims at restoring humoral imbalances at a cellular and sub-cellular level. The results of this research project were significant with resolution of long-standing illness conditions occurring within days of treatment.
23 September 2015
Tihesha Norman, a Grade 9 pupil from Heideveld High School, approached the Tibb Medical Centres offering to do some volunteer work for the organisation as part of her Life Orientation subject practical. She unsuccessfully approached various organisations. When she approached Tibb, her offer was gladly accepted and she joined the Tibb Medical Centre team for two days in September 2015 where she assisted with some administrative duties. It has been a privilege working with her and observing her excellent work ethic.
17 September 2015
Acne – no cure, but effective relief possible
Dreaded by most adolescents, acne strikes almost everyone at some stage in life. Tibb regards acne as an inflammatory disorder brought about by excessive heat in the body. This in turn arises from hormonal disharmony, or from an unbalanced lifestyle due to a poor diet, emotional stress, lack of exercise and various habits. Read Tibb's take on what acne is, and how to avoid this bothersome ailment, at………….
15 September 2015
Dr Raeesah Hassan joined the Tibb Medical Centres in September 2015 as junior doctor in order to gain practical experience. She qualified as Tibb Practitioner from the University of the Western Cape in 2012 and immediately entered her own business, but decided to put her business on hold for a few months in order to gain more clinical experience which she wants to incorporate in her business in Johannesburg. We welcome her on board and look forward working with her while seeing her grow as a practitioner.
Many of us go down regularly with infections. One way to help our natural healing, or Physis, is to take plenty of physical rest. Resting is one of the Tibb’s main Lifestyle Factors. It helps Physis restore inner harmony, seriously disturbed by the microbes behind the infection. It also helps shorten the duration of the infection. However, in order to get the best possible quality of rest, we have to make sure it is done in ‘protected time’. This means, in practical terms, that when planning rest periods during illness or convalescence, we should anticipate any likely interruptions during the day, and deal with them pro-actively.